Letters

18 September 2017
The Chairman,
The Heads of State and Government of
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
101, Yakubu Gowon Crescent,
Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

Your Excellency,
1.1(a) We have the honor to present you our compliments and to avail of this opportunity to draw your attention to developments in the Republic of Liberia and inform you and through you Members of the Heads of State and Government of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) of the current unfortunate political, social, economic and security development presently unfolding in the Republic of Liberia, a founding member state of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
1.1.(b) Your Excellency, since the cessation of the civil war and the ascendency of the Government of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf to power in Liberia, thanks to the effort and farsightedness of the Heads of State and Government of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the African Union (AU), the United Nations (UN), European Union (EU), and other friendly nations; particularly the United States, United Kingdom (UK), France and Germany, the citizens and people of Liberia have witnessed and enjoyed sustained and uninterrupted peace and stability in Liberia.
1.1(c) In particular, Liberia and its people have returned from war to peace due to the immeasurable commitment of the Authority of the Heads of State and Government of ECOWAS, buttressed by the enormous economic and moral assistance accorded Liberia by the international community and other friendly and accommodating partners. Your Excellency, domestic, regional and international peace and security have been maintained and sustained both in Liberia and in the Community owing to the enormous sacrifices made by Member States and the Citizens of ECOWAS. Unfortunately, we will be remiss if we didn’t emphasize that if these negatives developments are not addressed forthwith, they have the potential of reversing the peace and tranquility brought about through tremendous sacrifices in material and in human lives.

1.1. (d) Since 2006 to date, the Republic of Liberia and its people under the Ellen Johnson Sirleaf led Government, have painfully observed and come to realize that the policies and practices of the Government of Liberia, namely corruption, nepotism and bad governance have evidentially drawn Liberia and its people potentially from peace, to instability with the concomitant insecurity. Consequently, such negative political, social and economic determinants introduced in Liberia by the Johnson Sirleaf-led Government are bound to inevitably threaten the hard-earned peace and stability that both Liberia and the citizens and Members of ECOWAS have witnessed and are enjoying.
1.1(e) We need not remind you and your colleagues that of late, Liberia and its people are challenged and overwhelmed by fears and uncertainties primarily due to countless and presumed political and suspicious deaths raising their unexpected heads in low and high places in Liberia. For instance, the national security sector of Liberia, particularly the Liberian National Police (LNP), National Security Agency (NSA), the Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL), and the Executive Protection Services (EPS) we have observed, have totally gone out of control and are engaged in offenses that are inimical to violation of Liberia’s armed robbery and murder laws. Between January and February 2016, a total of seven (7) assistant directors of the Liberian National Police (LNP) are accused of targeted armed robbery and subsequently suspended. In 2015, the Director of the National Security Agency (NSA) was accused of armed robbery and administratively convicted of unlawfully taking away of nearly US$300,000 (United States three hundred thousand dollars) from a Korean investor. Also, during the outbreak of the Ebola Virus in Liberia, the Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL) targeted and directly shot and killed a 13 year old boy and injured countless unarmed citizens protesting their rights in the District of West Point, City of Monrovia. In 2015, the Executive Protection Service (EPS) abused and prematurely murdered some Liberians with no accountability.
1.1(f) Your Excellency, from 2006 to 2016, precisely, Mr. Keith Jubbah, former head of the Public Procurement and Concession Commission (PPCC), Fayiah J. Saah Gbollie, a leading opposition leader, Atty. Michael Allison, a former Consultant to the National Oil Company of Liberia (NOCAL), Mr. Harry A. Greaves, the former Managing Director of the Liberia Petroleum Refining Company (LPRC), and Mr. Daniel Orogun, a Nigerian banker, are believed by Liberians to have been politically murdered in 2009, 2013, 2015, and 2016 in Liberia absent a fair and independent investigation and prosecution of those believed to have prematurely and in

dismay murdered them. We need not mention that freedom of the Press and expression as contained under the Constitution of Liberia is narrowly measured and threatened by the Government of Liberia. To date, the home of an opposition leader was chased down and occupied by members of the LNP, absent due process. As we speak, Voice FM 102.7 and Radio Lib-24 are unexpectedly chased after and shutdown by the Government of Liberia under the pretext of judicial review and lawful sanction, thereby creating increasing fears and uncertainties raising their heads in Liberia. Step-by-step, Liberia is becoming insecure and threatened. We will be remiss if we didn’t emphasize that if these developments are not arrested forthwith, especially against the background of heightened political tension attributable to the upcoming general and presidential elections on October 10, 2017, there is strong possibility of Liberia backsliding into chaos with awe-inspiring consequences for the ECOWAS Region.
1.1(g) Considering the grave and incalculable threats that the deficit of the application of the rule of law and the unequal applicability of the law in Liberia poses to domestic, regional and global peace and security, we want to avail of this opportunity to appeal to Your Excellency and your colleagues to please take off some time to inquire into the unfortunate developments and happenings occurring today in the Republic of Liberia to avoid Liberia possibly returning from peace to conflict. The peace and security, that ECOWAS and our partners have invested so much time and resources in need not be arbitrarily shattered by the willful and intentional violation of the laws of the Republic of Liberia by the Government of Liberia.
1.1(h) Your Excellency, as if the Republic of Liberia and her people have not had enough of conflict and absolute lawlessness, the Government of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in total disregard and affront to the Constitution and Statutory Laws of Liberia, over and beyond the laws of Liberia, violated the Constitution and Elections Laws of Liberia by nominating and appointing Cllr. Jerome George Korkoya, Boakai A. Dukuly, and Samuel Joe, all naturalized citizens of the United States of America, as chairman and commissioners of the National Elections Commission of Liberia (NEC). Also, the National Elections Commission of Liberia (NEC) in total violation of Sections 22.1 to 22.4 of Liberia’s Alien and Nationality Law has recklessly cleared Mr. Alexander Benedict Cummings and Dr Joseph Mills Jones to contest the upcoming October 10, 2017presidential and general elections. Consequently, these negative developments threaten the domestic peace and security of Liberia and the ECOWAS Region. We

submit that ECOWAS and the AU need to take prompt and appropriate judicial notice to avert Liberia from returning from peace to conflict.
1.1 (i) Thanks for your time and we solemnly remain indebted to you and the Authority of the Heads of State and Government of (ECOWAS), the African Union (AU), and all our international partners for upholding and sustaining the peace in Liberia. History will certainly remember you. More than ever before, we are deeply worried and highly fearful of events that are unfolding today in Liberia; but remain confident that you and your colleagues having made this remarkable investment in the restoration of peace and security in Liberia will never allow the process to be reversed.
With assurance of our highest esteem, we sincerely remain.

Respectfully Yours

Frederick A.B. Jayweh, Esq., B.A., LL.B., LL.M
Counsellor-At-Law & International Affairs Director
AFRICA CENTER FOR LAW AND HUMAN RIGHT

CC:

African Union
United States Department of State
European Union Council on Human Rights
UN Council on Human Rights
African Commission of Human and Peoples’ Rights

March 24, 2017

In Re: Turn Them In

Her Excellency
Mrs. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
President of the Republic of Liberia &
Chairman of the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
C/o Ministry of State for Presidential Affairs
Executive Mansion
P.O. Box 9001
Capitol Hill, Monrovia
Republic of Liberia

Dear President Sirleaf,

On behalf of the Africa Center for Law and Human Rights (ACLHR), we offer greetings to you
and the hardworking people of Liberia and Member States of the Economic Community of West
African States (ECOWAS). Through this letter, the ACLHR endeavors to formally request of
your government the application of justice without pause to those individuals accused of
committing war crimes and crimes against humanity in Liberia. We are respectfully requesting
that the Liberian Government summons and embrace the courage to list, submit and surrender
for indictment and prosecution certain citizens of Liberia believed to have committed war crimes,
crimes against humanity, and economic crimes in Liberia and against the people of Liberia from
24 December1989 to 23 August 2003.

Madam President and Chairman of the Heads of State and Government of ECOWAS, Africa
Center for Law and Human Rights (ACLHR) is imploring your Government to request the
international community to work with the Government and people of Liberia to support the
establishment of an UN-backed War Crimes Court on Liberia to indict, arrest, and subsequently
submit for prosecution Liberia’s most notorious warlords and their principal deputies. The
ACLHR does affirm that the following Liberians and their deputies did consciously and
purposely facilitate and commit war crimes and crimes against humanity in Liberia from 24
December 1989 to 23 August 2003, as documented and published by the Truth and
Reconciliation Commission of Liberia (TRC) on 29 June 2009. ACLHR endeavors for all
indictments to correspond with each individual’s alleged participation in committing war crimes,
crimes against humanity, and Economic Crimes in Liberia. Specifically, ACLHR is referring to
the following Liberian citizens:

1) General Prince Y. Johnson, former Leader of the INPFL
2) Prof. Alhaji G.V. Kromah, former Leader of ULIMO-K
3) Mr. Sekou D. Konneh, former Leader of LURD
4) Dr. George S. Boley (PhD), former Leader of LPC
5) Mr. Thomas Yaya Nimley, former Leader of MODEL
6) Mr. Charles G. Taylor, former Leader of the NPFL

Your Excellency, this lawful request and submission from the Africa Center for Law and Human
Rights is chiefly reinforced and sustained by key provisions in both Liberia’s domestic and
international laws:

1) African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights
2) Practice, Protocols and Directives of ECOWAS
3) Protocol on the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights
4) Protocol on the Creation of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights
5) Protocol on the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights
6) Universal Declaration on Human Rights
7) International Human Rights Law
8) International Humanitarian Law
9) The Rome Statute
10) Protocol to the African Charter on the Rights of Women
11) African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child
12 Pretoria Declaration on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
13) Penal Law – Title 26 – Liberian Code of Laws Revised, and
14) Constitution of the Republic of Liberia

For knowingly committing murder, torture, the breach of peace, and crimes against humanity in
Liberia (an infringement absolutely inimical to the rule of law and human rights compliance in
Liberia and Africa), Africa Center for Law and Human Rights believes that your Government’s
indebtedness to Liberia and the people of Africa – particularly the Authority and Member States
of ECOWAS – is to list, submit, and surrender the people named in this letter to an UN-backed
and established War Crimes Court on Liberia directly, prior to your parting the office of
presidency in Liberia. The ACLHR asserts that failure to do so on the part of your Government
would elicit a high cost in terms of failing to protect the value of life and humanity.

We encourage you and your Government to align with the UN in establishing a War Crimes
Court to avail the Liberian past of an unjust debt that has gone unpaid for nearly two decades.
The ACLHR advises that your Government enforces and overseas that those persons we have
listed as Liberia’s most notorious warlords and their principal deputies be submitted and
surrendered to face prosecution and justice for their violent deeds in the Republic of Liberia and
ultimately against the people of Liberia.

To not uphold Liberia’s domestic and international laws’ responsibility, to turn a blind eye to
injustice on your home soil, would be to walk away from the privilege and opportunity of
protecting human and peoples’ rights compliance in Africa.

Thanks for your time and usual consideration.

Respectfully Yours,

________________________________________________________________________

Frederick A.B. Jayweh, Esq., B.A., LL.B., LL.M

Counsellor-At- Law & Executive Director, Africa Center for Law and Human Rights (ACLHR)